AskDefine | Define depression

Dictionary Definition



1 a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity [ant: elation]
2 a long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment [syn: slump, economic crisis]
3 a sunken or depressed geological formation [syn: natural depression] [ant: natural elevation]
4 sad feelings of gloom and inadequacy
5 a time period during the 1930s when there was a worldwide economic depression and mass unemployment [syn: the Depression, the Great Depression]
6 an air mass of lower pressure; often brings precipitation; "a low moved in over night bringing sleet and snow" [syn: low, low pressure]
7 a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention [syn: depressive disorder, clinical depression]
8 a concavity in a surface produced by pressing; "he left the impression of his fingers in the soft mud" [syn: impression, imprint]
9 angular distance below the horizon (especially of a celestial object)
10 pushing down; "depression of the space bar on the typewriter"

User Contributed Dictionary

see Depression



  • /dɪˈpɹɛʃən/, /dI"prES@n/
    Rhymes: -ɛʃən
  • Hyphenation: de·pres·sion


  1. In the context of "geography": an area that is lower in topography than its surroundings
  2. In the context of "psychology": in psychotherapy and psychiatry, a state of mind producing serious, long-term lowering of enjoyment of life or inability to visualize a happy future
  3. In the context of "psychology": in psychotherapy and psychiatry, a period of unhappiness or low morale which lasts longer than several weeks and may include ideation of self-inflicted injury or suicide
  4. In the context of "meteorology": an area of lowered air pressure that generally brings moist weather, sometimes promoting hurricanes and tornadoes
  5. In the context of "economics": a period of major economic contraction
    The Great Depression (US history)
  6. In the context of "biology|physiology": a lowering, in particular a reduction in a particular biological variable or the function of an organ, in contrast to elevation


area that is lower than its surroundings
  • Afrikaans: depressie
  • Arabic:
  • Catalan: depressió
  • Finnish: painauma
  • French: dépression
  • Hebrew: שפלה (shfela)
  • Italian: depressione
  • Japanese: 窪地 (kubochi)
  • Spanish: depresión
  • Swedish: depression
state of mind producing serious long-term lowering of enjoyment
area of lowered air pressure
period of major economic contraction
reduction in a biological variable
  • Italian: depressione







  1. Geographical or psychological depression.

Extensive Definition

Depression or depress may refer to:


  • Depression (mood), a lack of positive affect
  • Colloquially, Adjustment disorder with depressed mood, previously known as Reactive depression.
  • Major depressive disorder a clinical diagnosis of a state of intense sadness
    • Melancholic depression a sub-type of clinical depression characterized by an inability to feel pleasure combined with physical agitation, insomnia, or decreased appetite
    • Atypical depression, a cyclical sub-type of clinical depression where sleep, feeding and perception of pleasure are normal but there is a feeling of lethargy
    • Psychotic depression, a sub-type of clinical depression combined with psychotic or delusional perceptions
    • Postnatal depression, clinical depression following childbirth
  • Depression is the 4th stage of the Kübler-Ross model (commonly known as the "stages of dying").



depression in Bosnian: Depresija (čvor)
depression in Czech: Deprese
depression in German: Depression (Begriffsklärung)
depression in Spanish: Depresión (desambiguación)
depression in Esperanto: Depresio
depression in French: Dépression
depression in Croatian: Depresija
depression in Italian: Depressione
depression in Dutch: Depressie
depression in Dutch Low Saxon: Depressie
depression in Norwegian: Depresjon
depression in Polish: Depresja
depression in Portuguese: Depressão
depression in Russian: Депрессия (значения)
depression in Simple English: Depression
depression in Slovak: Depresia
depression in Serbian: Депресија
depression in Swedish: Depression (olika betydelser)
depression in Ukrainian: Депресія

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Schmerz, Slough of Despond, abatement, abridgment, abstraction, abulia, aching heart, agony, agony of mind, alienation, alleviation, alveolation, alveolus, anguish, antrum, anxiety, anxiety equivalent, anxiety state, apathy, armpit, attenuation, bad times, bale, basin, bitterness, blank despondency, blaze, bleakness, bleeding heart, blues, boom, bottoming out, bowl, broken heart, business cycle, business fluctuations, bust, catatonic stupor, cavity, cheerlessness, cleft, comfortlessness, compulsion, concave, concavity, contraction, cooling off, couchancy, crater, crena, crisis, crushing, crypt, cup, cut, dampening, damping, death wish, debasement, decrease, decrement, decrescence, deduction, deepening, deflation, dejectedness, dejection, dent, depreciation, depth of misery, desolation, despair, despondency, despondentness, detachment, digging, diminishment, diminution, dimple, dip, discomfort, discouragement, disheartenment, dismalness, dispiritedness, distress, distressfulness, down trip, downcastness, downer, downheartedness, downturn, dreariness, drilling, drooping spirits, dying, dying off, economic cycle, economic expansion, economic growth, economic stagnation, elation, emotionalism, euphoria, evil day, excavation, expanding economy, expansion, extenuation, extremity, fade-out, fold, folie du doute, follicle, funnel chest, gash, gloom, gloominess, glumness, grief, grievousness, growth, hack, hard times, heartache, heartlessness, heavy heart, heavy weather, high growth rate, hole, hollow, hollow shell, hollowness, hopelessness, hypochondria, hysteria, hysterics, impression, incision, incurvation, incurvature, incurvity, indentation, indifference, infelicity, insensibility, jag, jog, joggle, joylessness, kerf, lacuna, lamentability, lamentation, languishment, lessening, lethargy, letup, low, low spirits, lowering, lowness, lowness of spirit, lying, lying down, malaise, mania, market expansion, melancholia, melancholy, mental distress, miniaturization, mining, misery, mitigation, mournfulness, nick, nock, notch, obsession, oppression, pain, painfulness, pathological indecisiveness, pathos, peak, peaking, pessimism, pit, pitiability, pitiableness, pitifulness, pocket, poignancy, preoccupation, probing, proneness, prosperity, prostration, psychalgia, psychomotor disturbance, punch bowl, rainy day, recess, recession, reclining, recovery, recumbency, reduction, regrettableness, relaxation, sad times, sadness, sagging, scaling down, scoop, score, scotch, self-destructive urge, sharpness, shell, shortness, simplicity, sink, sinkage, sinking, sinking heart, sinus, slowdown, slump, socket, sorrowfulness, spiritlessness, squatness, squattiness, stormy weather, stumpiness, stupor, subjacency, subtraction, suicidal despair, supineness, taedium vitae, the blues, tic, trough, tunneling, twitching, unhappiness, unresponsiveness, upturn, vug, weakening, weariness of life, withdrawal, woe, woebegoneness, woefulness, wretchedness
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